This hill marks the foundation of the Vila de Santos settlement – knowing the exact place of their foundation is a privilege few cities enjoy. In the 16th century, Luis Góis, and his wife built the Saint Catherine of Alexandria Chapel at the foot of the small hill, and next to this the first Santa Casa hospital in Brazil was built in 1543. For years, the hill supplied the stones used to pave the city’s streets and expand the port. Between 1880 and 1884, Italian doctor João Éboli had a castle-like house built on what remained of the hill. Until 2012, it was the headquarters of the Fundação Arquivo e Memória de Santos (Santos Archives and Memorial Foundation).